For scientists, space is a magnificent “forecourt”. The space can be referred to as an inexhaustible source of knowledge and learning that it is assisting in the solution of the most fundamental existential issues concerning Earth’s origins and its place in the Universe. Curiosity along with the desire for a brighter future has driven humans to explore and develop space explorations.
Meaning of Space Exploration It’s the exploring of outer space by using astronomy and space technology. While astronomers use telescopes to explore space, both unscrewed robotic space operations and human spaceflight are used to explore it physically. One of the primary sources for space science is space disquisition, which is analogous to astronomy in its classical form. We can use space exploration to attest or refute scientific hypotheses that have been created on Earth. Perceptivity into gravity, the magnetosphere, the atmosphere, fluid dynamics, and the geological evolution of distant planets have all come from studying the solar system.
It was 53 years agone , on November 21 1963 that a slim rocket took off from Thumba on the outskirts of Thiruvananthapuram, publicizing the birth of the ultramodern space age in India. The sleepy triumph- fringed village soon came to be known as Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launch Station (TERLS) and later came to be called Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC).
India had successfully put its first signature on space at 6:25pm, on 21 November 1963, the world was watching as the rocket streaked away into the gathering dusk. Moments later, a sodium vapour cloud had emerged in the sky high, tinted orange by the setting sun.
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is responsible for the planning, execution and management of all space research and exploration activities. Space research and development activities are carried out at various centres and units of ISRO. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Thiruvanthapuram is the lead centre for launch vehicle development, ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC) Banglore is responsible for design, fabrication, and testing and management of satellite system, Space Application Centre (SAC), Ahmedabad is ISRO’s research and development centre for conceiving, organising, and building systems for practical applications of space technology. The main launch centre of SHAR Centre, Sriharikota (Andhra Pradesh). Liquid Propulsion System Centre (LPSC) is the main centre for development of liquid propulsion system with its facilities located at Thiruvananathpuram, Banglore and Mahendragiri (Tamil Nadu). ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) with its Sriharikota, Thiruvananathpuram, Banglore, Lucknow, Car Nicobar and Mauritius, provides telemetry , tracking and command (TTC) support for the launch vehicles and satellite missions. Master Control Facility at Hassam (Karnataka) is responsible for all post launch operation of INSAT satellites including orbital manoeuvres, station keeping and in-orbit operations on the spacecraft. Physical Research laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad under Department of Space is the premier national centre for research in space and allied sciences.